The research has five aims:
(1) To overview the empirical studies on public attitudes toward foreign population in Germany
(2) To compare attitudes of West Germany and East Germany�s native population toward foreign population (same country, different histories, (IMPORTANT: find out the conditions affecting attitudes!)
DATA: From the fifth round (2010) of the European Social Survey (ESS) retrieve data in order to pursue Statistical analysis of relevant variables measuring relationship between variables:
(a) Individual/Independent variables: gender, age, education, income satisfaction, employment status
(b) Dependent variables: Attitude toward foreigners
(c) Other, possible variables for analysis: economic conditions, political climate, size of out-group population
(3) Analyze Results
(4) Summarize results
(5) To introduces new theoretical angles within the framework of transnationalism & inequalities based on race, nationality, religion, and citizenship.
– social indicators, including attitudinal indicators.
Demographic Characteristics [Independent Variables]
Contextual Characteristics [Independent Variables]
Size of out-group population
Variables exhibiting Attitudes: Dependent Variable(s)
IMPORTANT! The data which I will be sending already has all possible variables (although it looks somewhat limited).
I already split files on East/West Germany by the place of interview.
Moreover, I have already created some dummy variables.
PLEASE, think what else can be done in order to run proper Inferential Statistical Analysis.
Socially and economically vulnerable individuals are tend to be more threatened and they have more discriminatory and exclusionary attitudes toward the out-group populations (Espenshade and Hempstead, 1996; Raijman, Semyonov, & Schmidt, 2003; Semyonov, Raijman, & Yom-Tov, 2002; Semyonov et al., 2004).
The cross-national researches view discriminatory attitude toward out-group populations are affected by both individual and structure level contextual variables that affect prejudice and discriminatory toward foreigners (Semyonov, Raijman, and Gorodzeisky, 2006; Kunovich, 2004; Quillian, 1995; Scheepers et al., 2004).
Migration has become political salient in Europe; therefore, the political climate (i.e., political, ideological, and legal context) of the receiving country plays an important role while measuring size of the out-group populations and economic conditions in relation with negative attitude (Semyonov, Raijman, and Gorodzeisky, 2006).
According to Competitive Threat theory, prejudice and hostility associated with an increase in size of an out-group population (Blumer, 1958; Blalock, 1967).
Prejudice is a defensive reaction toward threat when competing for accessing resources and privileges; and, antiminority sentiments are caused by individual-level attributes and group-level sources (Semyonov, Raijman, and Gorodzeisky, 2006).
– difficult economic conditions add to perception of �threat�
– identity: prove own belonging by excluding �out-group�
Hypotheses Testing: A native population from East Germany is most likely to have more negative attitude toward foreigners than native population from West Germany.
1) Provide predictions about characteristics of a population, based on information in a sample from that population, so that we can take the results of an analysis using a sample and can generalize it to the larger population that the sample represents.
2) Select the appropriate computer software for the analysis
– Cross Tabs
– Chi-Square Test for Association
– Crosstabs with a Control variable
– V Cramer’s (for two-way relationship)
Include please, Clustered Bar Chart
3) The Independent-Samples T-Test
4) the Linear Regression ( for PREDICTION)
PLEASE, send me as WELL the syntax and all the tables as an attached file to my e-mail.
Thank You in advance!